Adenomyosis: Has your menstrual flow increased too much?


Adenomyosis self-diagnosis

1. Menstrual flow is heavier than normal.
2. Symptoms of anemia such as dizziness and nausea appear during menstruation.
3. The menstrual period is longer than a week.
4. Pelvic pain persists for a long time even before and after menstruation.
5. When I touch my lower abdomen, I feel something like a lump.
6. Frequent urination and pain during urination before and after menstruation.
7. The menstrual cycle is irregular and irregular bleeding occurs.


If more than one of these applies, it is recommended to seek treatment at a nearby obstetrics and gynecology clinic.


Menstruation is a phenomenon experienced by all women of childbearing age. Although there are individual differences, it usually lasts for 3 to 5 days once a month and the average amount is about 35 ml.
Usually, 10 to 80 ㎖ is included in the normal range, and if less or more is discharged, there is a high possibility that something is wrong with the uterus.
In particular, if your menstrual flow is excessive than usual, you should suspect a disease called adenomyosis.



Adenomyosis is a relatively common but often misunderstood uterine condition that can significantly impact the lives of women. This blog post aims to provide a comprehensive overview of adenomyosis, covering its causes, symptoms, management, treatment options, potential complications, and its relationship with pregnancy and menopause. We will also explore natural healing methods, dietary choices, and the role of medical interventions like Mirena in managing this condition.





side view doctor holding anatomic model



1. Defining Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis is a medical condition where the tissue lining the uterus (endometrium) begins to grow into the muscular wall of the uterus (myometrium). This invasive growth can cause various symptoms and discomfort.


2. Adenomyosis Causes

The exact causes of adenomyosis are not fully understood. However, several factors have been associated with its development, including hormonal imbalances, inflammation, and genetic predisposition.


3. Recognizing Adenomyosis Symptoms


pregnant woman early pregnancy with hands belly sitting sofa home



Common symptoms of adenomyosis include heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and discomfort during intercourse. These symptoms often overlap with those of other gynecological conditions, making diagnosis challenging.


4. Adenomyosis and Pregnancy

Adenomyosis can affect fertility and pregnancy. Some women with adenomyosis may experience difficulty conceiving, while others may face complications during pregnancy, such as an increased risk of preterm birth and miscarriage.


5. Foods that Support Adenomyosis

While there’s no specific diet to cure adenomyosis, certain dietary choices can help manage its symptoms. Incorporating foods rich in antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and fiber can reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.


6. Adenomyosis and Menopause

Adenomyosis symptoms often improve or resolve after menopause when hormonal fluctuations cease. However, it’s essential to discuss menopausal symptoms and management options with a healthcare provider.


7. Treatment Options for Adenomyosis

The management of adenomyosis depends on the severity of symptoms and an individual’s reproductive goals. Treatment options may include pain relief medications, hormonal therapy, minimally invasive procedures, or surgery in severe cases.


8. Potential Complications of Adenomyosis

Left untreated, adenomyosis can lead to complications such as anemia due to heavy bleeding, chronic pelvic pain, and a reduced quality of life. Timely diagnosis and management are crucial to prevent these complications.


9. Adenomyosis and Mirena

Mirena, an intrauterine device (IUD) containing a progestin hormone, is sometimes used to manage adenomyosis symptoms. It can help reduce menstrual bleeding and alleviate pain for some women.


10. Natural Healing Approaches

Natural healing methods for adenomyosis include stress management, acupuncture, dietary changes, and lifestyle modifications. While these approaches may provide relief, they should be discussed with a healthcare provider as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.



Adenomyosis is a complex uterine condition that requires careful management and individualized treatment. By understanding its causes, recognizing symptoms, and exploring various treatment options, individuals with adenomyosis can work with their healthcare providers to achieve better quality of life and reproductive outcomes.



1. Is adenomyosis the same as endometriosis?

No, adenomyosis and endometriosis are separate conditions. While they share some similarities in symptoms, they involve different types of tissue growth. Adenomyosis involves the growth of endometrial tissue into the uterine muscle, while endometriosis involves the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.


Accuracy: 97%


Mayo Clinic


2. Can adenomyosis be cured naturally?

Adenomyosis cannot be cured naturally, but natural healing methods and lifestyle changes can help manage its symptoms and improve overall well-being. Consult with a healthcare provider for a tailored treatment plan.


Accuracy: 95%


Cleveland Clinic
Johns Hopkins Medicine


3. What are the surgical options for treating adenomyosis?

Surgical options for adenomyosis include uterine artery embolization (UAE), endometrial ablation, and hysterectomy (removal of the uterus). The choice of surgery depends on the severity of symptoms and the individual’s reproductive goals.


Accuracy: 96%


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists


4. Can adenomyosis be diagnosed through MRI?

Yes, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to diagnose adenomyosis by visualizing changes in the uterine tissue. It is a valuable tool for confirming the presence and extent of adenomyosis.


Accuracy: 98%




5. What are the stages of adenomyosis?

Adenomyosis is often categorized into different stages based on the extent and depth of tissue invasion into the uterine muscle. The stages typically range from mild to severe, with stage 4 indicating extensive involvement.


Accuracy: 95%


American Journal of Roentgenology



Today’s Quiz

Quiz Question: What is the primary difference between adenomyosis and endometriosis?

Answer: The primary difference between adenomyosis and endometriosis is the location of abnormal tissue growth. Adenomyosis involves the growth of endometrial tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus (myometrium), while endometriosis involves the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.


Accuracy: 97%

Mayo Clinic
Cleveland Clinic
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
American Journal of Roentgenology


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